The primary goal of the excavation is to provide a large and well stratified data-base for the study of the different coastal cultures and their overseas connections. These include the SKL ('Sea People') culture in the Early Iron Age and the Phoenician culture - from its birth in the Early Iron Age through its changing fortunes and manifestations under ever-changing economic systems and political regimes (Israelite, Assyrian, Babylonian, Persian, Hellenistic and Roman. Other aims are the study of the role of Dor and other Mediterranean ports in the political and economic structure of the largely land-locked eastern empires - Assyria and Persia. Persian to Roman Dor is used as a departure point for studying the process of the Hellenization and later Romanization of the East; with particular regard to the role of the Phoenician trading emporia, with their long-standing interaction with the Western Mediterranean.
The different archaeological periods found at Dor reflect the wide-ranging history of the land and peoples of Israel throughout its existence. The present consortium has chosen to focus on a rather more limited number of periods, however, in which the information obtained at Dor can both illuminate wider vistas of life and social interaction in the ancient Mediterranean, and pertain to those general inquiries of cultural composition and transformation that are at the forefront of contemporary investigations. Our widely-ranging and integrative research strategy, as well as the exceptional composition of our investigative team, are uniquely suited to this exciting new study. You can read more about our research topics here.